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Where America got her name:
In researching where America got her name, I came upon some interesting facts. One site with some interesting reading was the University of Huston. It even showed an interesting picture of the two routes Amerigo Vespucci made in 1499. Vespucci, who was an Italian merchant employed by the Medici’s of Italy (who helped Columbus prepare for his third voyage), sailed and explored South America, after Columbus had sailed his second voyage. During his explorations, as he was also a Navigator like Columbus, he had measured the Earth’s circumference to within just 50 miles and had also made improvements to navigational techniques. Amerigo Vespucci’s second voyage was the exploration that was historical. He followed the coast of South America down and realized it was NOT India, but a new continent entirely.
In 1507, a German clergyman and amateur geographer named Martin Waldseemuller, who was a professor at the St. Dies University in France, wrote an article on Amerigo Vespucci’s discovery, for a small publisher, about the introduction of Cosmology. America was also applied, later, to North America. This is how America got her name. Not that he first discovered the continent, but that he recognized it as a "new" continent.
I would like to make note. Amerigo Vespucci, of Italy, was born March 9, 1451, a Pisces. Vespucci became a naturalized citizen of Spain in 1505 and died in 1512. He was a student and scholar of natural philosophy, geography and astronomy. The commercial house of Medici, ruling family of Florence, hired him as an agent. In a translation of a letter sent to Lorenzo Piero Francesco di Medici, written by Vespucci in Lisbon, 1503, a description of his Portuguese voyage was found. The years of this voyage was undertaken in 1501 until 1502. The connection of the new world to Vespucci is correct according to these translations, since it had not been recorded as discovered by anyone else and cleared the way for America to be named as such. Four printed copies of his original Italian letters exist today from the years before 1507. A French version was made and then a Latin translation that Waldseemuller used in his article.
The word Amaruca is derived from the Mayan Native God “Quettzalcoatl” (meaning "plumed serpent") and in Peru, this god was called “Amaru.” The people native of Central America called the territory AMARUCA, land of the plumed or feathered serpents. Throughout Asia, across the globe, and in Mayan and Incan cultures, there are depictions of dragons and animals with wings, in mythology and ancient artifacts.
Sumerian civilization originated in what is present day Iraq. Excavations of ancient Sumerian cities were started by British, French, and German archeologists in the early 19th Century. In the attempts at using Babylonian tablets to try and decipher language found, they discovered a far older writing system and this confirmed the existence of the Sumerian people in what is called Mesopotamia (Iraq). The Sumerians developed a form of writing called cuneiform around 3000 BC which consists of marks made into wet clay tablets using a reed stylus and then baked. The heavy permanent record of Sumerian language and culture was very brittle but depicted a definite older civilization than that of the ancient Babylonians. Babylonians were also called the "Chaldeans" and was known to have influenced the Greeks, Egyptians, and Hebrews as they had all had contact.
The Sumerians were also called the Akkadians and were a tribe that pre-dates Babylonia and were written to have come from Atlantis. Akkadian is another name for "Acadiens" who had changed their name from Arcadiens. Arcadia was Nova Scotia at one time, where the surviving Atlanteans were to have lived after the great flood. They instructed tribes in Babylonia on the first instructions of religion. Hindu-Brahman initiations use the Sanskrit of the Vedas language, even today.
I would like to know if the discovery of the American continent has anything to do with the Corpus Hermeticum (a series translated to Latin and printed from before 1500 based on tablets of Egyptian history, Babylonian history, and includes parts from authors like Hermes, such as the emerald tablet). Their rediscovery and translation into Latin during the late-fifteenth century by the Italian Cosimo de Medici influenced Renaissance thought and culture greatly. Amerigo Vespucci was also a merchant for the Medici family business. He had been commissioned to complete a contract for the King of Spain in 1497, upon the death of the original Florentine merchant hired for the job, Juanoto Berardi. Columbus had made his second voyage in 1493 and in 1495, Ferdinand of Spain had recalled Columbus’ monopoly on exploration and anyone who wanted could sail the open sea. Vespucci hitchhiked on a sea voyage and wrote Medici about his travels.
Hermetism, takes its name from Hermes Trismegistus. Hermes, a legendary Egyptian wise-man, was a representation of combining two gods. The two gods were Greek god Hermes and the Egyptian god Thoth. They were worshiped by the Greeks, as one, in the Temple of Thoth, in Khemnu, which the Greeks called Hermopolis. Both gods, of writing and magic, were psychopomps, guiding souls in the afterlife. The influence of the Sumerians on the Babylonians, and then the Egyptians, can be found in today’s occult studies. For instance, necromancy likely evolved from shamanism, which calls upon the spirits of dead ancestors. It was wide spread among the Chaldea, Etruria, and the people of Babylonia. Babylonian necromancers were called manzazuu or sha’etemmu and the spirits they raised were called etemmu.
First found in third Century BC Greece, in an episode of the Odyssey, necromancy is the modern word using the terms nekros or "dead body" and manteia or "prophecy or divination." The word is adopted from "necromantia" in late Latin during the Middle Ages. The art of necromancy was classified as one of the seven "Forbidden Arts." The other six were geomancy, aeromancy, pyromancy, hydromancy, palmistry and spatulamancy (divination using bones, usually shoulder bones, of an animal). These arts were identified and banned, starting in 1210 AD, by the Catholic Church and labeled pagan superstition. The Condemnations of 1277 were demanded by Pope John XXI to enforce the prior restriction of the seven Forbidden Arts. The exploration and uses of modern Hermetic Sciences are all about sorcery, magick and divination. Occult societies remain undaunted by past failures at tapping into higher consciousness. For instance, Eratosthenes, a Greek mathematician, astronomer and geographer, calculated the Earth’s circumference exactly without ever leaving Egypt. He used shadows for it in what is now Libya, around 240 BC.
The ancient Sumerians influenced the Babylonians. They in turn, influenced the Egyptians, Greeks and Hebrew peoples. When the Romans invaded and took over, all the knowledge was lost with the Romans oppressive approach to what they considered heretic beliefs. The small grouping of people who kept up religious practices the ancient Sumerians had passed on, went underground. They had to with the threat of death over their heads if discovered practicing them. Certain sciences were stricken from record as the Catholic Church of the Romans dominated what is much of Europe. Astronomy was no longer mixed with astrology and it was decided that the calendar was out of sync and it needed to be corrected with the rotation of the Earth and stars. The Gregorian Calender used today was created in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII and is a direct reflection of what the belief system was propagated to become, according to the Catholic Church. That is why the calendars today, used throughout the world, bears his name.
Who influenced the Mayan and Incan peoples of Central America? Perhaps I can do another article about that, since this one just about America’s name is so long!
During the years of 1492-1504, Columbus sailed and explored the islands of Tobago, Hispaniola and the coast of Trinidad. He fell out of favor with the Spanish court, hence, the recalled monopoly on his sea voyage to the New World. In his declining years, his son, Diego, took care of his father’s business. Beginning in 1504, upon his return to Spain due to his sickness, Columbus had his son act in his place for business. The transportation of letters and business correspondence to and from the court and, also correspondence from Seville, Spain, followed Diego. One letter was from Amerigo Vespucci himself. Columbus died May 20, 1506 in Spain. It was more like once Columbus got to the New World, he didn’t want to come back. He was so busy arguing with the Royal Court of Spain, who had funded his expedition and he was so busy maintaining a new civilization, I wonder this: Did Columbus even get to enjoy what he was fighting to find?
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